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Difference Between Albinism And Vitiligo

Difference Between Albinism And VitiligoAs we all known a fact that Albinism and Vitiligo are both medical conditions which caused due to a defect of pigments in the body, but there is a clear difference between these two disorders. The main difference between these conditions is that, Albinism is a geneogenous disorder which characterized by the complete or sectional absence of melanin which is the pigment found in the skin, hair, and eyes, while when it comes to the vitiligo,it is a skin condition characterized by some parts of the skin losing the pigment.

Firstly, we gotta figure out the difference between this two similar disease by its definition. When it comes to the definition of Albiinism, actually,Albinism results from inheritance of recessive gene alleles, and it is commonly an autosomal recessive disorder. Lack of pigment can range from complete absence to little deficiency which based on the underlying genetic defect. There are two typical types of albinism, one is Oculocutaneous Albinism: Affecting the eyes, skin and hair,other one is Ocular Albinism: Affecting only the eyes. However, when it comes to the definition of vitiligo, it is a chronic skin condition which characterized by portions of the skin losing their pigment. It occurs when skin pigment cells die or are unable to function. Aside from cases of contact with certain chemicals, the cause of vitiligo is unknown. Vitiligo is devided into two basic categories: Segmental Vitiligo: It occurs in areas of skin close to the dorsal nerve roots of the spinal cord and is usually unilateral.

Non-segmental Vitiligo: This type of vitiligo are common type of vitiligo. Sometimes ,the form of symmetry can be observed in the location of de- pigmented patched of skin. New patches can appear over time and can be generalized or localized to a part of the body.

In addition, another main difference between Vitiligo and Albinism is based on its characteristics:

1,Cause
Albinism: Albinism is a genetic disorder. But Vitiligo is an acquired loss of pigment condition .

2,Eye Involvement
Albinism: Albinism affects eyes and it maybe lead to the blindness under some circumstances. However,Vitiligo does not affect eyes,it can not lead to the blindness.

3,Extent of the Condition
Albinism: Albinism can affects entire body in most cases. But Vitiligo affects only the part of the body, it can not affect the entire body.

4:Associated Diseases
Albinism: Albinism is not associated with autoimmune disease. But Vitiligo is associated with autoimmune disease such as : Addison’s disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and etc.
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